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2015年职称英语考试卫生A真题及答案:阅读判断

来源:123职称英语网[我要评论]2015年06月11日 15:03


  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)


  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。


  阅读判断


  One-third of parents lack facts about child development


  One-third of parents of babies have a surprisingly low knowledge of child development, including basic concepts about what their children should know or how they should act, a new study finds.


  For instance, the study found that many parents don't know that 1-year-olds can't tell the difference between right and wrong, and often don't cooperate or share when playing with other children.


  The results are surprising because the parents who took part in the survey had young children, said lead author Dr. Heather Paradis, a pediatric fellow at the University of Rochester Medical Center, in New York."They were watching or had just watched their kids go through this development, and they were probably the most knowledgeable of anybody."


  Paradis and her colleagues examined the results of a survey of parents -- 98.6 percent of whom were mothers -- of more than 10,000 9-month-old babies. As part of the survey, the parents were asked 11 questions designed to test their knowledge of a baby's development.


  The researchers also examined what the parents said about their interactions with their children, and watched videotapes of how the parents taught new things to their kids.


  One-third of those surveyed incorrectly answered four or more of the questions. Even when the researchers adjusted the statistics to account for such factors as education levels and income, those parents were still less likely to enjoy "healthy interactions" with their children.


  A lack of proper understanding of a child's development can cause assorted problems, Paradis said. For example, she said, a mother might expect an 18-month-old child to sit still for a doctor's appointment, even though children that age are normally curious and like to wander around.


  "A mom could misinterpret a child's normal curiosity as intentionally being defiant, and could respond with harsh discipline, withdrawal of affection and repetition of that pattern over time," Paradis said. "That could hinder the child's potential for full growth and development."


  The findings were to be presented Sunday at the Pediatric Academic Societies' meeting in Honolulu.


  One solution, Paradis said, is for pediatricians to take a more active role in educating new parents. "By improving knowledge of child development among all parents, not just those who are at highest risk, there's an opportunity to enhance parent-child interaction," she said. "It can ultimately lead to better parenting."


  16.【题干】A majority of parents of babies know little about child development.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C.Not mentioned


  【答案】B


  17.【题干】Babies of one wear old have no sense of right or wrong.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C.Not mentioned


  【答案】A


  18.【题干】The parents surveyed were asked 11 questions on child development.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C.Not mentioned


  【答案】A


  19.【题干】Most American families are nuclear rather than extended ones.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C.Not mentioned


  【答案】C


  20.【题干】Most mothers with young children prefer to stay at home.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C Not mentioned


  【答案】C


  21.【题干】Children of one and a half years old like to sit still.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C.Not mentioned


  【答案】C


  22.【题干】Parent-child interaction can in no way be improved.


  【选项】


  A.Right


  B.wrong


  C.Not mentioned


  【答案】B


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