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2015年职称英语考试卫生A真题及答案:阅读理解第三篇

来源:123职称英语网[我要评论]2015年06月11日 15:09


  第三篇


  15 Million Americans Suffer from Social Anxiety Disorder


  Social anxiety disorder prevents some 15 million Americans from leading normal social and romantic lives, a new survey finds.


  The disorder leaves many isolated, ashamed and often misdiagnosed. Thirty-six percent of those with social anxiety disorder have symptoms for 10 years or more before seeking help, the Anxiety Disorders Association of America reports.


  "Social anxiety disorder is when somebody has an intense, persistent and irrational fear of social or performance situations," Jerilyn Ross, the association's president and CEO, said during a teleconference Wednesday.


  "The condition causes people to avoid common, everyday situations and even other people for fear of being judged or criticized or humiliated or embarrassing themselves," Ross said.


  Social anxiety disorder can interfere with daily routines and job performance,Ross noted. " It also makes it very difficult for people to develop friends and romantic partnerships," she said.


  People with this disorder recognize their fear is excessive and irrational, Rose noted. “But they feel powerless to do anything about it," she said.


  Social anxiety disorder can start in the early teens, Dr. Mark H. Pollack, director of the Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, said during the teleconference.


  "This is a disorder that starts affecting people early on1," Pollack said. "The typical age of onset is early adolescence, age 12 or 13,and many individuals report a history of anxiety dating back to2 earlier childhood. "


  The disorder also has physical symptoms,including heart palpitations,feelings that their throat will close up3,sweating, blushing, faintness, trembling and stammering, Ross said.


  Among people with the disorder, 75 percent said the condition affected their ability to do normal activities. In addition, 69 percent said they didn't want people to think they were crazy, and 58 percent said they were embarrassed by their condition,Ross said.


  However, when the condition is diagnosed and treated, many reported improvement in their lives. In fact, 59 percent who were receiving treatment said treatment had a positive effect on their ability to have a romantic relationship. In addition, 39 percent who had received treatment said knowing that treatment can be successful aided their decision to get help, Ross noted.


  41.【题干】Which of the following is not true of the people with social anxiety disorder?


  【选项】


  A.They find difficult to make friends.


  B.They tend to judge or criticize other people.


  C.They are often isolated and ashamed.


  D.They frequently fail to get timely treatment.


  答案B


  42. 【题干】People with the disorder think that their fear of ________.


  【选项】


  A.justified


  B.beneficial


  C.beyond control


  D.controllable


  【答案】A


  43. 【题干】Usually the disorder stars to affect people when ________.


  【选项】


  A.they fall in love


  B.they begin to work


  C.they get in their early


  D.they are in their early teens


  【答案】D


  44. 【题干】All the following are likely symptoms of the disorder EXCEPT ________.


  【选项】


  A.heart palpitations.


  B.sweating.


  C.sore throat.


  D.blushing.


  【答案】C


  45. 【题干】The last paragraph indicates that treatment of the disorder ________.


  【选项】


  A.has no positive on those affected.


  B.was unavailable to those affected.


  C.was often rejected building those affected.


  D.could improve the life of those affected.


  【答案】D



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