全国北京江苏上海广东陕西湖北山东辽宁河北四川天津浙江湖南宁夏内蒙古
重庆安徽河南吉林福建云南山西江西甘肃广西贵州新疆海南青海西藏黑龙江
您现在的位置:123职称英语网 >> 辅导 >> 综合类 >> 概括大意 >> 2016年职称英语综合类A级概括大意训练题(18)

2016年职称英语综合类A级概括大意训练题(18)

来源:123职称英语网[我要评论]2015年11月20日 11:23

  Geology and Health
  The importance of particular metals in the human diet has been realized within the past few decades, and the idea that geology might be related to health has been recognized for a number of elements such as iodine, zinc and selenium. For example, soils with low iodine contents produce crops, and animals deficient in iodine. A lack of iodine in the human diet leads to some serious diseases.
  The ultimate source of metals within the human body is rocks, which weather into soil, gaining or losing some of their chemical constituents. The crops we eat selectively rem
  ove from the soil the elements that they require for growth. The water we drink contains trace elements leached from rock and soil. Thus the geology and geochemistry of the environments have effects on the chemistry and health of plants, animals and people.
  So far there is no data to suggest that people living on metal-rich soils experience a potential health hazard. The levels of metals within naturally contaminated soils are generally not high enough to cause serious health problems. Living on metal-rich soils does not represent a health risk unless large quantities of soil are digested or metal-rich dust is inhaled. However, small children are particularly exposed to metal-rich topsoil in playgrounds and gardens. They are also the most likely ones to eat potentially dangerous metal-rich soil.
  Heavy metals are persistent; they do not break down to other chemicals in the environment. Industrially polluted sites usually undergo intensive clean-up and rehabilitation because heavy metals are a health concern once they enter the food chain. Some trace metals are alleged to cause cancer and are also known to cause poisoning.
  In contrast, naturally contaminated soils have not been subject to risk assessment studies and rehabilitation measures, despite the fact that they frequently possess metal concentrations well above those of such polluted by humans and above environmental quality criteria.
  There is a vital need to understand the potential risks and long-term health effects of living on naturally contaminated soils. Future environmental investigations of naturally polluted soils should concentrate on the potential pathways of metals into the food chain and human body. Geologists should be part of such studies as they can provide the essential background information on rock and soil chemistry as well as the chemical forms of heavy metal pollution.
  A. No evidence to indicate bad effects of naturally contaminated soil
  B. Potential hazards of human contaminated soils
  C. Research on channels of heavy metals getting into human food chain
  D. Geology and health problems
  E. Rocks-the ultimate source of soil pollution
  F. Long- term helth effects on children
  1. Paragraph 1
  2. Paragraph 3
  3. Paragraph 4
  4. Paragraph 6
  A. industrially polluted soils
  B. rock and soil chemistry
  C. naturally polluted soils
  D. the pathways of metals into the food chain
  E. the element of iodine
  F. the persistence of heavy metals
  5. Some serious diseases is connected with deficiency of ……
  6. It is extremely necessary to study the long-term effects caused by living on ……
  7. Geologists are indispensable in the research project on geology and health due to their knowledge on……
  8. Industrially contaminated sites usually require a thorough clean-up due to ……
  Key: DABCECBF


职称英语课程

  • ¥400400

  • ¥620800

  • ¥10201500

最新评论

2015年职称英语保过班
2014职称英语押题对照表
2014年学员评价
98%上线率媒体报道
点此申请团购价